(Definition, Causes, Symptoms, Treatment)
considered a real problem facing large segment of people ,Joint play essential role in our bodies ,it give us the movement and the ability on flexion and extension to do the daily activities ,joints also form the connections between bones and any damage to the joints can affect your movement and cause a lot of pain.
What is joint pain?
Joint pain can affect one or more joints in our body, joint pain can be very bothersome and it can be caused by many types of injuries or conditions.
What are the causes of joint pain?
• Overuse in any activities such as doing one repetitive activity for a long period of time.
• Broken bone.
• Arthritis: there are more than 200 different types of arthritis, arthritis is a common cause of joint pain.
• Bursitis (inflammation of the cushioning pads around joints).
• Sprains and strains.
• The flu.
• Chicken pox.
• Hepatitis (inflammation of the liver caused by an infection ).
• Bone cancer.
• Tendinitis (inflammation of the tendon).
• Rheumatoid arthritis.
• Reactive arthritis.
• Septic arthritis.
• Paget’s disease of bone.
• Infection of the bone.
• Certain infectious diseases such as hepatitis.
• Lyme disease.
• Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis it can causes joint pain, limited joint mobility, and possible joint deformity over time.
• Advanced cancer that has spread to the bones.
What are the symptoms of joint pain?
• Pain in the joint area.
• Inability to put weight on the affected joint.
• Limited range of motion.
• Stiffness especially at morning.
• Difficulty walking or running.
• Aching joints.
• Burning sensations.
• Difficulty in extension and flexion.
• Inability to do the simple activities such as writing, grabbing something.
How you can relive or treat joint pain?
Treatment of joint pain is determined by the severity of the injury, these options are classified under two types of treatment, non-surgical treatment and surgical treatment.
Cold therapy: apply ice for 10 minutes with ice packs and then leave the ice off for 10 minutes.
you can use cold therapy when joint pain area become hot when you touch, cooling sprays may relieve acute pain by numbing nerves around the joint.
Heat therapy: heat can increase local blood flow and improves flexibility.
Relief of pain may be obtained by applying heat or hot packs to joint pain area, for 20 minutes up to three times a day.
Relaxing in warm water reduces muscle tension, supports your weight, taking stress and load off the joints. This makes movements less painful and can increase the range of motion, provides a level of resistance, the water itself takes some weight off painful joint.
Medication can used to reduce pain which prefer to taken under the supervision of a doctor, there are many type of medication for joint pain relief such as NSAIDs (Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) it’s very common include Ibuprofen ,Aspirin ,Naproxen sodium ,Ketoprofen.
In some conditions your doctor may suggest injections to help alleviate the symptoms of your advancing pain.
Providing additional support for relief joint pain can help prevent possible further injury or damage and also help in healing quickly. Supports like Splints and braces which provide rest and support the weak and painful joints but it must be used in consultation with your doctor and also like walking sticks which may help by taking weight off affected hips.
Relaxation can be a great option for you in many condition of joint pain, such as the overuse of joint can treated by take a rest for relaxation.
Physical therapy can reduce the symptoms of advanced arthritis and it often includes an exercise program, which alleviates depression and anxiety among arthritis sufferers, these exercises include range of motion, endurance exercises and strengthening.
Surgical treatment for joint pain:
Surgery will be the last resort to treat the joint pain, surgery may offer some relief.
There are many types of joint pain surgery, the most common types are:
Total Joint Replacement:
In this surgery the old, worn out surface of the joint is surgically removed and a new synthetic surface is put in place. This surgery for the advanced symptoms of joint pain which can’t be managed with medications or physical therapy.
In this surgery the degenerated and worn cartilage is trimmed and smoothed, reducing the source of inflammation. Arthroscopy can remove some of the debris and provide temporary joint pain relief.
Osteotomy is the surgery that cuts the bone, either below or above the joint and re-aligns the joint to a better position and treat the joint pain.
But the bad thing about this surgery is the success of this operation decreases as the degree of arthritis increases.
Fusion was much more common than today before the advent of artificial implants.
In fusion, the joint is removed and the bone ends are allowed to grow together, or fuse, into one bone which relief the joint pain.